This is a topic which fascinates me and I hope it stimulates some intense discussion here. I recall seeing middens, or shell mounds, on many canoe trips in the pinebarrens. My research of the topic has been cursory. But, I recall reading the Native peoples would congregate at certain times of the year to enjoy the abundant shellfish available and readily and easily harvested. They would leave the shell castings in piles, and over the years these mounds would get quite large. Now, here in Florida, the Timicuan peoples did the same thing over thousands of years, leaving behind mounds that covered acres and attaining heights of 100 feet! One such mound is still here, called Turtle Mound, in Canaveral National Seashore. It is 75 feet high, and it has been estimated it was 100 feet high at one time. The middens also served as burial mounds. Discarded pottery has been found, carvings and totems, adornments, as well as primitive toys, tools, and plant/animal debris. Archeological excavations have revealed much about the lives of the Timicuans, who are now extinct, unfortunately. In modern times many of the mounds were used by the railroads and the local towns and villages for road fill and have been lost forever. It is an amazing thing to see, especially if you wade in the intracostal side, and you get a great visual of the shear immensity and quantity of the shells. Not just that, you can see HUGE clamshells of all types, oystershells, and conch shells. The immensity of the available food in the estuaries is almost too hard to imagine. But, imagine we must, as there is no written record other than the French explorer Rene de Laudonniere who drew pictures of the Timicuans in the 1500's (1564) and gave a written account of their culture. Well, that is quite long-winded, but it leads to a very important question: Has there been any serious archeological research concerning the shell middens found in the pinebarrens?